Elevated Liver Enzymes

Very rarely do I offer my opinion on diet plans but this liver cleansing diet worked great for me.

Have you discovered the hard truth that you are what you eat? One of the many diseases that demonstrate unhealthy diet and lifestyle is the liver disease. This can be pretty alarming because people with liver problems may experience complications that are often lethal or incapacitating and treating them can be really difficult.

Among the most important of the many complications that accompany liver problems are severe gastrointestinal hemorrhages and excessive water retention with ascites and edema.

The result of circulatory changes within the diseased liver leading to portal hypertension; impairment of the central and peripheral nervous systems and abnormal bleeding tendencies, attributable to the inability of malfunctioning liver cells to metabolize certain vitamins; and hepatic coma, reflecting the incomplete metabolism of protein fragments by the diseased liver.

Sounds disturbing? Think again. Most of these complications are not manifested in the early stages or even within the duration of a liver problem. In most cases, patients are asymptomatic or do not manifest clinical symptoms. That is why in order to identify and diagnose liver disease, several tests are conducted.

Among the many tests available, blood test is the most common. This is one way of identifying the possibilities of elevated liver enzymes. This test is more clinically known as Serum Transaminase Studies. The studies are conducted based on the release of enzymes from damaged liver cells. The enzymes that become elevated in liver cell damage are:

1. SGOT (Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase)

Also known as AST or aspartate aminotransferase, this enzyme is released into the blood when the heart or liver cells are damaged.

2. SGPT (Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase)

This particular enzyme is typically found in heart and liver cells. Among the three enzymes used to evaluate liver disease, SGPT is considered the most relevant due to its higher concentrations compared to the other two enzymes. Damage liver cells cause these enzymes to be elevated in the blood or serum.

3. LDH (Lactate Dehydrogenase)

Elevated levels of LDH suggest, in general, tissue breakdown. That is why it is included in the blood tests for liver damage. However, elevated LDH can also suggest meningitis, acute pancreatitis, cancer, HIV, and encephalitis.

Elevated liver enzymes generally suggest liver damage because these enzymes will not be released in great numbers in the blood if there are no damaged liver cells. So to avoid elevated liver enzymes, it is important to ensure not to damage liver cells.

Here’s how:

1. Manage your alcohol intake

One of the primary causes of liver damage is alcoholism or the excessive intake of alcohol into the body. The alcohol can bring about fatty liver and eventually cirrhosis once the liver cells are damaged and inflamed. Even if the liver cells are known to regenerate or develop new cells, experts say that once the tissues or cells in the liver are damaged and become fibrous, more severe conditions will take place, such as cirrhosis, and the damage can become permanent.

2. Observe hygiene at all times

Viral hepatitis is the next common cause of liver damage. This particular disease can be transmitted in certain ways such as contamination in food and water and sexual contact. When visiting public places, it is important that you always observe hygiene. Wash your hands every after your trip from the bathroom or when changing diapers. Before engaging to sexual contact, make sure that your partner is not a carrier of Hepatitis A, B or C. Best advice? Avoid engaging into sexual activity with a person you really don’t know well.

3. Live a healthy lifestyle

Although experts say that liver damage is not generally related to food intake, there are some cases wherein obesity bring about liver damage due to fatty liver. Also, diabetes can trigger fatty liver. So if you live a healthy lifestyle and eat nutritious food, you tend to avoid obesity and diabetes which can trigger fatty liver leading to liver damage.

4. Consult your doctor

Make it a habit to pay regular visits to your doctor and not just when you are ill. This is also applicable if you have been engaged with activities that can pose higher risk of acquiring liver disease. Remember, prevention is always better than cure.

All of these things can help you avoid elevated liver enzymes. The key to a healthy life is to avoid the problems before they hunt you down.


2 Responses to “Elevated Liver Enzymes”

  1. Nicky on December 28th, 2009 6:29 pm

    This is so true: You are what you eat and DRINK! The liver is very sensible to alcohol intake. Too much alcohol and the liver will cease to work sooner or later. So live a healthy lifestyle is essential!

  2. Caro on March 20th, 2010 6:49 am

    Drugs are not the best solution this kind of disease, because it will work on your body while it will of work on the body of other folks, eat a well balanced diet and eat more fruits like lemons to help clean your stomach and reduce the way you eat junk foods water will play a vital role in this kind of problem an a daily exercise too will help you to maintain you perfect shape.

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