Liver Enzymes

Very rarely do I offer my opinion on diet plans but this liver cleansing diet worked great for me.

You probably heard it first in your high school health class: “Drinking and smoking too much are bad for your health.” If you listened to your health class teacher, you should know by now that engaging in too much alcohol intake can lead to serious problems such as liver damage.

It turns out that their arguments for good health are also persuasive reasons to help prevent liver problems. Most of these problems are asymptomatic or do not manifest symptoms. Hence, one of the most important tests to be conducted to diagnose liver problem is blood tests to detect elevated liver enzymes.

Doctors say that it is best to cut down on alcohol now before you find it is too late. Alcohol may make you feel relaxed, but it triggers liver damage and the effects can be pretty uppity.

How does this happen? Metabolism of alcohol into the body is extremely fast. Since alcohol does not have to be digested, which may take time just like in foods, the absorption rate is much higher. Once the alcohol gets into the body, all organs are affected but the most impact sets in the liver.

Normally, the liver use and metabolize fatty acids as energy. However, when alcohol is present, the liver tends to metabolize the alcohol first and so fatty acids build up. When this happens, the main function of the liver is disrupted. Once the liver operates abnormally, the cells become damaged and the liver enzymes impaired.

Liver enzymes are actually known as protein that facilitates the “chemical reaction” in the liver. The parenchymal cells of the liver play an important role in protein metabolism. Here the amino acids derived from foods lose their amine groups and are incorporated into new proteins. Among these are many of the plasma proteins, including fibrinogen, Prothrombin, the Prothrombin accelerators, and albumin.

Since most liver problems are asymptomatic, liver function tests are conducted to diagnose a potential liver problem. These tests are actually blood tests that are based on the release of enzymes from the damaged liver cells. It is said that once there is a liver damage, higher concentrations of these liver enzymes are found in the blood or serum. That’s because these enzymes tend to leak out or flow top the blood once the liver cells are damaged.

There are thee enzymes used to diagnose liver damage: SGOT or Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase, SGPT or Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase, and LDH or Lactate Dehydrogenase. Among the three enzymes, SGPT also known as alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is the most specific indicator. The reason behind this is that SGPT can only be found in the liver whereas the other enzymes can also be found in other organs, such as the skeletal muscle and the heart.

Indeed, these enzymes play an important role in the diagnosis of the liver disease. Elevated amount of these enzymes are enough for medical practitioners to attest that there is a liver problem.

Nevertheless, it is best not to arrive in such condition if you can avoid it in the first place. Make your liver healthy and you will surely avoid damaging your liver.


3 Responses to “Liver Enzymes”

  1. David on January 4th, 2010 12:13 pm

    I dont drink AT ALL. I have liver enzymes so.. what causes liver enzymes, whats the normal liver enzyme level?. Cause my liver enzyme level was 1100, and also is liver enzyme fatal?. If you could answer all of these .. lol (im dumb), I would truly appreciate it

  2. Anders on January 7th, 2010 8:32 am

    I also have high liver enzymes and hardly ever drink. Wonder what the reason could be.

  3. rinpan ishaya on November 12th, 2010 11:02 am

    what other liver tests apart from enzymes that can be used for people who are constantly exposed to smoke from burned items like rubber, car tire etc

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